The Neglected Backbone

Students have been facing incredible loss of identity and stress when they are forced to learn a foreign language.

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Pakistan has been described by scholars and professionals as an Islamic ideological state. However, the story of education here is a nightmare. The data on the Minister of Federal Education and Professional Training Pakistan speaks for itself: almost 40% of children are out of school. It is believed that youth fuels modernization and economic growth of the country. We have failed to amalgamate youngsters into the education system. In consequences, they ended up choosing labor market which in turn created multiple adverse impacts such as inequality, unemployment, population growth and discrimination. It is shockingly unbelievable that Pakistan recently stands with the second highest number of out of the school children, according to UNICEF. For the roughly 22 million children not attending school, 11 million not achieving formal education as well as attendance averages 60%. Sindh and Balochistan signify the worst scenario. Gender comparison display boys higher number than girls at every stage of education. Pakistan literacy rates hang at 60%, increased by 2% from 2014 and horrifically missing Global Goals of 88%. Literacy consistently lags behind: 50% of class 5 students cannot read a simple Urdu story meant for class 1 or 2. A worrisome list of other catastrophic concerns on education level and quality, corruption, infrastructure and more has been left out for the purposes of minimizing reader hopelessness. However, problems abound; desultory analysis reveals prospective and potential for simple outcomes.

Understanding System of Education

Pakistan follows predominantly two systems of education: traditional religion based education system and modern formal education system. After independence in 1947, Pakistan had adopted a Macaulay education system as well, that is also called modern education. It comprises six groups: preschool, primary, middle, high, intermediate and bachelor. Individuals have to complete all groups according to their ages respectively. Moreover, English was considered to be an educational language and main mode of communication in schools. However, Arabic is considered to be an educational language in the traditional system. Traditional education system comprises three main categories: reading of the Holy Quran, memorization of the Holy Quran, and techniques for the recitation of the Holy Quran. The exams include Arabic language and literature, and Islamic laws. The schools are called madrassahs and students are being called fazils after graduation. It does not include secular subjects such as mathematics, science and social studies. Modern education system includes oppositely Arabic language courses.

Problems of Education

Education creates a sense of responsibility amid individuals. The reasons behind the educational problems are lack of tolerance and awareness. The lowest budget has been spent on the system of education since decades which has weakened the foundation of the quality of the system. Hence, it has failed to raise the nation as socially, economically and politically. Numerous problems have been faced such as gender discrimination, untrained teachers, language barriers, and so forth. Educational policies change with political situations which mark an adverse impact on individuals. The great philosopher Iqbal wanted Pakistan’s education system to be based on uniformity. Different systems are working over here simultaneously as well as the curriculum is not uniformed. Nations develop their generation on the basis of vigorous training and education on social, economic and politics. The weak and directionless education system of Pakistan has not been able to guide its people on social grounds. Furthermore, it lacks cohesion that promotes a situation of deprivation among masses. And, this is the reason for cultural and political unrest in the communities.

Putting too much in one’s plate

Students have been facing incredible loss of identity and stress when they are forced to learn a foreign language. English has become an educational language. They struggle massively with English because every subject is taught in it. On the other hand, Urdu is the national language which has been taught in schools and is being spoken by nationals. More than 30 languages are spoken by people over here. Hence, a lot of nationals cannot communicate in Urdu or English. In consequence, they ended up learning languages rather than getting knowledge which creates communication gaps among people. It creates mental health problems as well. Additionally, the schools and universities have created an environment in which the students are at a great disadvantage from the first day, and that leads to the individuals leaving the schooling system.

Ways forward towards solutions

The quality of education is a huge concern in Pakistan. Extensive educational reforms are required to enhance the system; otherwise it would be completely the wastage. Private institutions should collaborate with government sectors to improve public schools, and provide quality context to students. Moreover, centralized training initiatives will be basically impossible but decentralized models must be considered. Along with, secondary and higher secondary schools are retaining students through matriculation and inter, however access is low. The quantity of students should be increased. In case, reforms might be impossible to introduce to the public. On the other hand, officials should make a serious strategy for education at the very initial level. Training should be kept mandatory for teachers. Education must be kept under the supervision of the government. In addition, career counseling should be compulsory for every student. Without education, the socio-economic issues cannot be resolved, and oppositely it gives a boost to morale as well as builds perseverance. Government should increase educational budget, promote primary education, subjects should be taught in the national language not in foreign language, and technical education must be provided to all the classes. Religious education should be taught with a secular education system. On the other hand, mathematics and science should be taught in traditional educational departments.

Education Can Really Help Eradicate Poverty

Poverty is the world’s greatest threat to peace and stability today, ahead of terrorism and other much-discussed struggles. According to Sachs (2009), more than eight million people around the world die each year because they are too poor to survive.

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Introduction

Poverty is the world’s greatest threat to peace and stability today, ahead of terrorism and other much-discussed struggles. According to Sachs (2009), more than eight million people around the world die each year because they are too poor to survive. The Millennium Development Agenda, which will reduce poverty by half by 2015, expresses the global commitment to guarantee the standard of living of humanity. Education is in all respects one of the fundamental factors to achieve sustainable economic development through investment in human capital. Education promotes self-understanding, improves quality of life, and increases people’s productivity and creativity, thus promoting entrepreneurship and technological progress. Furthermore, it plays a very important role in ensuring economic and social progress, improving income distribution, thus saving people from poverty. This article aims to contextualize the role of education in alleviating poverty.

Importance of Education

Education and poverty are inversely related. The higher the level of education of the population, the smaller the number of poor people, because education imparts knowledge and skills that contribute to higher wages. The direct effect of education in reducing poverty is through an increase in income / income or wages. The indirect effect of education on poverty is important in relation to “human poverty”, because as education improves income, basic needs become easier to satisfy and living standards rise, which without it certainly means a decrease in human poverty. In the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP), human capital is seen as a weapon against poverty reduction. That is why the idea that education is a determinant of poverty has received a lot of attention in recent years.

People’s education and health are the necessary and important components of human capital that make them productive and raise their standard of living. Human capital is necessary for the effective use of physical and natural capital, technology, and skills.

Education Can Help Eradicate Poverty

Poverty is an obstacle on the road to economic development. The achievement of education, one of the main goals of development economics, is also a driving force behind such development. The backbone of many aid and development programs depends on investment in education (Todaro, 2011). The concept of equal opportunities drives much of this investment. Education gives the individual the knowledge necessary to overcome such inequalities. Obtaining an education increases an individual’s productivity and contribution to the workforce. Investments in education increase the skills and productivity of poor households. Both the income level and the general standard of living (human development) increase. Second, poverty is also a major barrier to educational achievement. Poverty affects educational performance in three dimensions. Furthermore, some unhelpful social norms and so-called religious doctrines ardently restrict girls’ education. Therefore, lack of education is a cause of a person’s low earning capacity and poverty persists even in the next generations of that household. Even the United Nations Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs) recommended by the World Bank focus primarily on girls’ and primary education.

Another notable aspect of the important role of education in reducing poverty is the direct linear relationship between education and income. In Pakistan, an individual worker’s monthly income has been found to increase by 7.3 percent with an additional year of schooling. Earnings will increase by 37 percent upon completing ten years of schooling rather than no education.

Human poverty and income poverty seem to go hand in hand. For example, some smallholder households are able to maintain a reasonable income until they become ill and vulnerable due to lack of effective access to health services, long distances, poor roads, or lack of local services. For others, dealing with the expected loss of farm income due to drought or flooding and seeking alternative crops to plant or additional livelihoods is their top priority.

Education and economic development Education provides a foundation for eradicating poverty and promoting economic development. It is the foundation on which a large part of the economic and social well-being of citizens is built. Education is key to increasing economic efficiency and social coherence, increasing the value and efficiency of the workforce and consequently lifting the poor out of poverty.

Education and family: The family is the basis of a good society and economic success. Families have changed over time, but they are still very important in the modern economy. To understand human capital, we must return to the family, because they are families that care about their children and try, by whatever means they have, to promote their children’s education and values. Families are the main promoters of values in any free society and even in not so free societies.

Conclusion

Education is essential for economic development and poverty reduction. Without education, economic development is not possible. A balanced education system not only promotes economic development, but also productivity, generating individual per capita income. Its influence is remarkable at the micro level of an individual family whose combination forms the nation. That is why we must all invest in education, because it can help eradicate poverty.